Environmental conditions such as flooding or hurricanes can result in temporary or permanent migration or displacement. Such events and movement patterns are anticipated to increase under a changing climate. This can result in economic, societal, and cultural losses, as well as detriments to health. Some people are more likely to suffer than others. What steps might be taken to help make communities more resilient and in ways that would enable them to participate in a Just Transition and reconstruction more fully? To address the dynamic and development of change in complex socio-ecological systems, panelists consider issues of resilience, adaptability and transformability across multiple scales. There is an overarching concern in addressing risk, disaster, humanitarian aid, and rebuilding post-disaster and whether it is possible to foster resilience at small, manageable scales when confronted with larger governance structures and entrenched patterns of resource accumulation that are less resilient.